Interests   •   Functional Basis of Demographic Trade-offs   •   Seed Dispersal & Seedling Regeneration   •   Plant-Soil Feedbacks & Soil Microbiome   •   Biodiveristy & Change in Nebraska's Forests

Research: Biodiveristy & Change in Nebraska's Forests

Forests comprise over a third of land on Earth and regulate critical ecosystem processes and services, such as atmospheric gasses. The forests along the Missouri and Niobrara Rivers in Nebraska are ecologically unique to North America, host diverse habitats, and regulate hydrology. These functions, however, are threatened by climate-related stressors, including increasingly damaging fires, pest outbreaks, and long-term climate warming and drying. There is little longitudinal data on tree populations to link forest changes to these environmental drivers, but these data are critical for effective management and protection of the public and ecosystem services of Niobrara forests.

The Russo Lab is establishing a set of permanent forest monitoring plots in Nebraska that are part of the Smithsonian ForestGEO global network of forest dynamics plots. Our goal is to: (1) estimate how rates of tree growth, survival, and reproduction respond to changes in water availability, temperature, pest-pressure, and fire, (2) build statistical models to predict and forecast changes in forests, and (3) develop adaptive management plans to mitigate potential threats.